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view all articlesArm, Elbow & Hand Pains

Tennis Elbow - Lateral Epicondylalgia
Tennis Elbow Injury Explained Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) is a common cause of elbow pain, but the suffix "-itis" is misleading because it implies inflammation, which is not typical in most cases of Tennis Elbow. Hence, the more commonly used term today is Lateral Epicondylalgia, in... read more

Golfers Elbow - Medial Epicondylalgia
Golfer's Elbow Injury Explained Golfer's Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) is characterised by pain over the inner elbow, which may radiate down the forearm. However, the suffix "-itis" is misleading because it implies inflammation, which is not typical in most cases of Golfer's Elbow. Hence, the... read more

view all articlesThigh & Knee Pains

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Rupture & Reconstruction
ACL Knee Injury Reconstruction Explained An Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear is a fairly common knee injury in sports that involve changing direction and turning. The ACL lies deep within the knee joint, connecting the thigh bone with the shin bone. The function of the ACL is to... read more

Runners Knee - Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Runner's Knee Explained Runner's Knee is the common term for Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome (ITBFS). Runner's Knee is a painful overuse knee injury that affects the outer part of the knee. It is fairly common in runners and cyclists . It is reported to affect 2-10% of all runners, while... read more

view all articlesShin, Ankle & Foot pains

Ankle Sprains & Pains
Sprained Ankle Injury Explained A sprained ankle is one of the most common injuries caused by participation in sports. It refers to soft tissue damage (mainly ligaments ) around the ankle, usually caused by an inversion injury (where the ankle is twisted inwards) or an eversion injury (where... read more

Plantar Fasciitis - foot pain
Plantar Fasciitis Explained Plantar Fasciitis is a common foot condition that causes heel pain and pain in the sole of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis is inflammation of the Plantar Fascia, a fibrous sheath that runs most of the length of the sole of the foot. It attaches between the heel bone and... read more

view all articlesPain Syndromes throughout the body

Regional Pain Syndromes
Regional pain syndromes (1,2), which occur one time or another in most people past the age of 40 years, are central to primary care medicine. They are also fairly frequent in younger people; however, their true frequency and characteristics in the pediatric group have yet to be defined. Because ... read more

Shoulder Pain Syndromes
Included in Shoulder Pain syndromes: Rotator Cuff tendonitis Subacromial impingement Frozen shoulder Acromicolavicular (AC) joint disease Clinical appearance The prevalence of shoulder ailments is extremely high (16). Patients report pain, limited motion, or both. The onset of ... read more
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